SIBO: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and More

SIBO: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and More -MergeZone

What is SIBO?

Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth which is known as SIBO, is a serious condition affecting the small intestine. It occurs when bacteria that normally grow in other parts of the gut and exceeding 105–106 organisms/ml in the small intestine.( Normally= less than 103 organisms/ml in  upper small intestine). That causes pain and diarrhea. It can also lead to inanition as the bacteria start to consume all the body’s nutrients.

Read on to learn more about SIBO.

Symptoms:

SIBO symptoms mainly affect the gut. They may include:

  • pain in the stomach, especially after eating
  • bloating
  • cramps
  • diarrhea
  • constipation
  • indigestion
  • regular feeling of fullness
  • gas
  • You may also experience weight loss in short amount of time.

SIBO: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and More -MergeZone

Causes:

Causing of Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO):

  • issue of abdominal surgery that including gastric bypass.
  • Structural problems in and around your small intestine, including scar tissue and bulging pouches of tissue.
  • Some medical disease that including Crohn's disease, radiation enteritis, scleroderma, celiac disease, diabetes or others.

SIBO is not yet well understood. It can occur when:

  • your small bowel has anatomic abnormalities
  • the pH changes in your small bowel
  • your immune system isn’t working properly
  • IF some food and bacteria aren’t removed from the organ.

Some various conditions are:

  • viral gastroenteritis, or a stomach bug
  • celiac disease
  • Crohn’s disease
  • hypochlorhydria, or low stomach acid levels
  • gastroparesis
  • nerve damage
  • cirrhosis
  • portal hypertension
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • certain gastric bypass procedures
  • surgeries that cause strictures or adhesions

Why SIBO Develops?

The small intestine of our body is the longest section of our digestive system, measuring about 20 feet or about 6.1 meters long. This is where all the food mixes with digestive juices and nutrients are absorbed into our blood cells .

Unlike our large intestine which is also known as colon, our small intestine normally has relatively few bacteria due to rapid flow of contents and the presence of bile. But in SIBO(Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth), stagnant food in the bypassed small intestine, and it becomes an ideal breeding ground for the bacteria. These bacteria  produce toxins and many time interfere with the absorption of nutrients in stomach. The breakdown products following bacterial digestion of food can also trigger various kind of diarrhea.

SIBO: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and More -MergeZone

When to do tests and see a doctor?

Breath test

A breath test is a very common test for this disease. Excess bacteria in your small intestine can lead to the release of the gases hydrogen and methane in your stomach, which can be identified through a breath test. This test is noninvasive and can be performed at home or in a doctor’s clinic.

You will need to fast overnight before having a breath test. During the test, you have to breathe into a tube. Then you have to drink a special kind of sweet drink provided by your doctor. You also have to breathe into a buch of other additional tubes at regular intervals for 2 to 3 hours after consuming the drink that was provided by your doctor.

Further testing

If the breath test isn’t enough for your doctor to identify the bacteria or your SIBO treatments aren’t working, then you should consult to your doctor once more, your doctor may need some further test,so they can collect your sample fluid from your small bowel to see what bacteria is growing there. this way they can identify the bacteria and find the right treatment.

Complications

Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) can causes us many problems in your body, including:

  • Poor absorption of fats, carbohydrates and proteins. these bacteria brock much needed system of our body. casuing us incomplete digestion of fats, proteins and carbs.
  • If this bacteria continue to grow in your small intestine that can causes us diarrhea, malnutrition and weight loss.
  • Vitamin deficiency., your body can't fully absorb the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K for incomplete digestion. 
  • Weakened bones (osteoporosis).
  • Kidney stones. Poor calcium absorption may also causes you  kidney stones.

People also ask

  • This condition involves changes in frequency or form of bowel movements and lower abdominal pain in your body. stress, poor sleep and changes in stomach bacteria may all trigger symptoms. However, triggers are different form person to person. But SIBO causes for Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in small intestine.symptoms are pain in the stomach, especially after eating, bloating, cramps, diarrhea.

  • Yes, kind of. In SIBO you have Sulfur-like, rotten egg smelly gas or belching are generally a good indication that you are dealing with hydrogen sulfide SIBO.
  • Some Natural or Herbal Solutions of SIBO: -Oregano oil capsules. -Garlic. -Berberine: goldenseal, Oregon grape. -Olive leaf extract. -Pau d'arco.
  • No, SIBO needs to be addressed to go away
  • A breath test is a very common test for this disease. Excess bacteria in your small intestine can lead to the release of the gases hydrogen and methane in your stomach, which can be identified through a breath test. This test is noninvasive and can be performed at home or in a doctor’s clinic.
  • yea, you can.Diagnosis is primarily based on the clinical history, supplemented by blood tests including serum vitamin levels, fecal fat tests.
  • SIBO can not be diagnosed with stool testing.
  • To diagnose SIBO, a doctor will ask about a person's symptoms and treat them accordingly by doing breath test, blood test.
  • It typically lasts 2 to 6 weeks.